EDUC-6125-4 – Annotated Bibliography

APA Citation:

Wagner, N., Hassanein, K., Head, M., (2010). Computer use by older adults: A multi-disciplinary review. Computers in Human Behavior, Vol. 26, No. 5. (22 September 2010), pp. 870-882.

Summary:

“As the populations of most of the world’s developed nations experience an increase in average age, a similar trend is being observed in the population of computer and Internet users. In many cases, older adults are the fastest growing computer and Internet user group in both personal and workplace contexts. However, the needs and concerns of older adults as computer users differ from those of younger users as a result of the natural changes associated with the aging process. Much research has been conducted in a variety of fields in order to understand how these changes experienced by older adults impact their use of computers and the Internet. This article reviews this existing research and provides a holistic view of the field. Since the study of computer use by older adults is a multi-disciplinary topic by nature, we provide a synthesis of the findings across these many disciplines, and attempt to highlight any gaps that exist. We use Social Cognitive Theory as a lens to view and organize the literature, as well as illustrate means through which computer use by this user group can be encouraged. Finally, suggestions for future research are proposed, and implications for research and practice are discussed.” (Wagner, Hassanein, Head, 2010)

Rationale for Inclusion in Literature Review:

This literature review directly connects to the question of motivational influences on the adoption of technology among older adults in that it presents a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary review of the contemporary body of research specifically and singularly focused on the adoption of technology by older adults. The literature review is extensive, the methods used in the review are empirical and the review provides citations from an extensive list of references from investigators with proven track records. The citations and references from this literature review serve as a point of reference for evaluating other.

This is not a research study but rather, a research review; as such, values for validity and reliability are not represented.

APA Citation:

Melenhorst, A.S., Rogers, W.A., Bouwhuis, D.G., (2006). Older Adults’ Motivated Choice for Technological Innovation: Evidence for Benefit-Driven Selectivity. Psychology and Aging, Vol. 21, No. 1. (March 2006), pp. 190-195.

Summary:

“This study examined older adults’ motivation to adopt technological innovation. Sixty-eight older e-mail users and nonusers discussed the use of e-mail and of traditional communication methods in 18 focus groups. The results show older adults’ benefit-driven approach to new communication technology. Regardless of whether their decision about the new technology was positive or negative and irrespective of their e-mail experience, participants focused on benefits rather than costs. For traditional media, both costs and benefits were important. Results contradict the common belief that barriers such as usability problems determine whether older people use new technology and indicate the decisive role of perceived benefits for successful innovation.” (Melenhorst, Rogers, Bouwhuis, 2006)

Rationale for Inclusion in Literature Review:

This research study presents findings that specifically suggest motivational factors do influence older adults to adopt technology. Although the study is limited in scope to e-mail technologies, it is none-the-less appropriate; it offers empirical study and data analysis of various motivational factors that influence adoption of technology.

Values for validity and reliability are premised on earlier research by the author.  Specifically, values for validity and reliability come from the examination of statistical differences between groups and between goals, through repeated measures of multivariate analyses of variance (MANOVAs).

The study is appropriate for ethnically diverse, independently living male and female older adults in the age range from 65 to 80.

APA Citation:

Melenhorst, A., Bouwhuis, D., (2004). When do older adults consider the internet? An exploratory study of benefit perception.  Gerontechjournal, Vol. 3, No. 2. (2004), pp. 90-101.

Summary:

“Perceptions and experiences of both usability and usefulness can motivate or discourage older adults to use the internet. The present study explores older adults’ perceptions of internet usefulness, or benefit. Thirty older internet users and non-users aged 60-74 years evaluated traditional media and internet applications for different communication purposes in their everyday lives. The participants were divided into three groups with different levels of experience. Both the amount of internet experience and the goal of the communication seemed to have affected their judgments. Experienced users valued internet applications more highly than less- and non-experienced users, in general. However, both users and non-users of the internet mentioned merits of the internet depending on the goal of the communication and the establishment of the medium in one’s social environment. The goal-dependent differentiation of media evaluations within each of the three groups suggested a benefit-driven approach of media by older adults.” (Melenhorst, Bouwhuis, 2004)

Rationale for Inclusion in Literature Review:

This (unpublished) research study operates from the expectation “that participants would appreciate the internet to a different extent for different goals” (Melenhorst, Bouwhuis, 2004), a direct connection to the question of motivational influences on the adoption of technology among older adults. Also, the findings of this dissertation underlie premises presented in other resources utilized in the present literature review.

Values for validity and reliability come from the examination of statistical differences between groups and between goals, through repeated measures of multivariate analyses of variance (MANOVAs).

The study is appropriate for ethnically diverse, independently living male and female older adults in the age range from 65 to 75.

APA Citation:

Hanson, V.L., (2010). Influencing technology adoption by older adults. Interacting with Computers, Vol. 22. No. 6. (November 2010), pp. 502-509.

Summary:

“With the advent of a digital economy, an emphasis on digital products and services has emerged. Those who are not using current technologies will become excluded, however, from this revolution. Older adults represent one such group in danger of Exclusion. In some cases, older adults have been disinterested in new technologies. In other cases, however, the technologies fail to take into consideration the strengths and weaknesses of older users that would promote this usability. This paper examines components of information search by younger and older adults. These are considered in terms of long-term implications of designing for older users, with current problems viewed as foreshadowing future trends.” (Hanson, 2010)

Rationale for Inclusion in Literature Review:

This research paper connects directly to the question of design strategies proscribed by motivational factors leading to successful adoption of technology among older adults by virtue of its interest in long-term implications of designing for older users.

Values for validity and reliability come from an analysis of variance (ANOVA).

The study is appropriate for ethnically diverse, independently living male and female older adults over 60 and utilizes a control group of younger adults between 18 and 30.

APA Citation:

Ng, Chi-hung., (2008). Motivation among older adults in learning computer technologies: A grounded model. EducationalGerontology, Vol. 34, No. 1 (2008), pp. 1-14.

Summary:

“Based on a sociocultural perspective, this study investigated the learning experiences of a selected group of older adults learning computing technologies at a social center in Hong Kong. Data generated from in-depth interviews were used to develop a model of evolving motivation that explains how this group of ‘‘anxious novices’’ had gradually developed into ‘‘motivated experts’’ capable of showcasing their computing achievement to the public. The model highlights the significance of social supports derived from various social contexts in helping older adults make sense of their learning and develop lasting interest in computing technologies.” (Ng, 2008)

Rationale for Inclusion in Literature Review:

This literature review directly connects to the question of motivational influences on the adoption of technology among older adults.

This is not a research study but a research review; as such, values for validity and reliability are not represented.

The study is appropriate for ethnically diverse, independently living male and female older adults in the age range from 65 to 75.

 References:

Hanson, V.L., (2010). Influencing technology adoption by older adults. Interacting with Computers, Vol. 22. No. 6. (November 2010), pp. 502-509.

Melenhorst, A., Bouwhuis, D., (2004). When do older adults consider the internet? An exploratory study of benefit perception. Gerontechjournal, Vol. 3, No. 2. (2004), pp. 90-101.

Melenhorst, A.S., Rogers, W.A., Bouwhuis, D.G., (2006). Older Adults’ Motivated Choice for Technological Innovation: Evidence for Benefit-Driven Selectivity. Psychology and Aging, Vol. 21, No. 1. (March 2006), pp. 190-195.

Ng, Chi-hung., (2008). Motivation among older adults in learning computer technologies: A grounded model. Educational Gerontology, Vol. 34, No. 1 (2008), pp. 1-14.

Wagner, N., Hassanein, K., Head, M., (2010). Computer use by older adults: A multi-disciplinary review. Computers in Human Behavior, Vol. 26, No. 5. (22 September 2010), pp. 870-882.

Advertisements

About Darlene Loebel
Software consultant with 20 years experience in Software Engineering and graduate student in Instructional Design & Technology at Walden University.

Comments are closed.

%d bloggers like this: